The Climate and Weather of Qatar
Heat, Rain and Dust Storms
Hottest average temperatures in Qatar peak at around 41 Celsius in June and July. Of course, that doesn't reflect what it is really like to be out in the sun in the middle of the day when temperatures can reach or pass 50 degrees Celsius.
It's also worse in the city, where air-conditioners pump cold air into the houses but hot air into the city.
The towns are also located in the coastal areas, where there is greater humidity. Everyone who can leaves Qatar for the summer.
Unpleasantly hot temperatures last from June to September. October can be pleasant, at least towards the end, and December to February can be positively chilly. The winter of 2006/2007 was unusually cold so much so that all the heaters in the country sold out, and the mere rumor of a heater in a supermarket could cause a stampede. (See Desert Cold.) Needless to say, all the supermarkets finally managed to restock in February, the week before temperatures became pleasantly warm. February to the start of May is probably the best time to visit Qatar, with a pleasantly warm climate to enjoy.
Rain is generally very sparse. Prayers to encourage rain usually start in the autumn. This year they were answered it poured through the Asian Games and through the winter. In one month we had 70mm of water which compares to an average of 150mm a year. Temperatures, at 10 degrees Celsius, were also unusually low. It remains to be seen whether this was a one off freak or a result of climate change.
You will also experience dust and sand storms. These are very unpleasant, and if there is even a crack in your house or apartment dust will enter.
Generally, though, Qatar experiences clear blue skies and almost every day you can see a superb sunset. Enjoy!